There was a study done by the McKinsey Global Institute, which focused on 46 countries and 800 occupations. The study has shown that robots and automation will put a huge proportion of the global population out of a job by 2030 — and the problem will be worse in developed nations. Workers in poorer countries without the resources to fund automation, such as India, may only lose up to 9% of its jobs to robots.
However, in wealthier countries such as the United States and Germany, it is estimated that up to one-fifth of the global work force will be affected by this new wave of robots taking over jobs, with the greatest impact on people who work as machine operators and food workers. These jobs that involve repetitive tasks, data, and fewer skills will be the ones most likely to be taken over. Jobs requiring human interaction such as doctors, lawyers, teachers and bartenders are seen by McKinsey as less prone to automation.
Additionally, the need for higher education will become more important because jobs requiring fewer skills will be the ones to be taken over first. The authors of the study are comparing this upcoming phenomenon to the early 1990’s when there was a transition of jobs from farming to factory work. The good news is that there’ll be enough jobs for workers who are willing or able to retrain in jobs such as care for old people.